Centre for Evidence Based Medicine, LSMU, Kaunas, Lithuania
Background Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best
evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. From the beginning of its
creation, EBM placed a significant emphasis on proper literature search and critical appraisal.
These skills now have become one of the most important skills a healthcare professional
could have, and their acquisition, maintenance and proper use – a sign of a high-quality
healthcare system. During this workshop, the presenters will start with the concept of the
clinical question and then move on to literature search strategies, followed by two interactive
lectures about the critical appraisal of randomized-controlled trials and systematic reviews.
During the first half, workshop members will work independently, and during the second half
they will be asked to critically appraise a pre-selected randomized-controlled trial and a
systematic review during the course of the interactive lectures. An introduction to the Journal
Club concept will follow and end the workshop.
Intended outcomes 1. Participants will learn how to formulate a proper clinical question using the PICO
method and apply the right search strategies for finding the best available high-quality
2. Participants will learn the stepwise approach to critically appraising
randomized-controlled trials and systematic reviews using real-life examples from the
3. Participants will learn about the concept of a Journal Club and the skills needed to
properly implement it in their work practice.
The workshop consists of 4 sections:
1. PICO method and the use of proper search strategies to find evidence-based
2. Critical appraisal of a randomized-controlled trial;
3. Critical appraisal of a systematic review;
4. Journal Club structure and organisation.
Who should attend?
Students, residents, medical doctors and other healthcare professionals interested in applying
evidence-based practice in their work.